II, De Poesi erotica, will amuse you. Early tazkiras biographical sketches mentioning Hafez are generally considered unreliable. Iran for an authenticated diwan". He hints at this episode in one of his verses in which he advises the reader to attain "clarity of wine" by letting it "sit for 40 days". Friedrich Engels mentioned him in an letter to Karl Marx: It is, by the way, rather pleasing to read dissolute old Hafiz in the original language, which sounds quite passable and, in his grammar, old Sir William Jones likes to cite as examples dubious Persian jokes, subsequently translated into Greek verse in his Commentariis poeseos asiaticae, because even in Latin they seem to him too obscene. Inside, Hafez's alabaster sarcophagus bears the inscription of two of his poems. Accounts of his early life rely upon traditional anecdotes. It was there where he is said to have attained "Cosmic Consciousness".
It was there where he is said to have attained "Cosmic Consciousness". Wheeler Thackston has said of this that Hafez "sang a rare blend of human and mystic love so balanced As a result, no fourteenth-century Persian poet could write a lyrical poem without having a flavor of mysticism forced on it by the poetic vocabulary itself. Hafez replied "O Sovereign of the world; "It is by the state of similar generosity that I have been reduced, as you see my present state of poverty. According to an account by Jami , Hafez died in In this period, Hafez and other notable early satirists, such as Ubayd Zakani , produced a body of work that has since become a template for the use of satire as a political device. Hayedeh performed the song "Padeshah-e Khooban", with music by Farid Zoland. National Museum of Iran , Tehran , Persia. Many semi-miraculous mythical tales were woven around Hafez after his death. According to one tradition, before meeting his patron Hajji Zayn al-Attar , Hafez had been working in a bakery, delivering bread to a wealthy quarter of the town. Intellectual and artistic legacy[ edit ] Hafez was acclaimed throughout the Islamic world during his lifetime, with other Persian poets imitating his work, and offers of patronage from Baghdad to India. Despite his profound effect on Persian life and culture and his enduring popularity and influence, few details of his life are known. In Iran and Afghanistan , his collected works have come to be used as an aid to popular divination. For example, a couplet from one of Hafez's poems reads: He hints at this episode in one of his verses in which he advises the reader to attain "clarity of wine" by letting it "sit for 40 days". The cypress tree is a symbol both of the beloved and of a regal presence; the nightingale and birdsong evoke the traditional setting for human love. Therefore, the words could signify at once a prince addressing his devoted followers, a lover courting a beloved, and the reception of spiritual wisdom. It would leave a mark on such Western writers as Thoreau , Goethe , and Ralph Waldo Emerson the last referred to him as "a poet's poet". Hafez often took advantage of the aforementioned lack of distinction between lyrical, mystical, and panegyric writing by using highly intellectualized, elaborate metaphors and images to suggest multiple possible meanings. He was a Sufi Muslim. Although he hardly ever traveled outside Shiraz, in one tale, Tamerlane Timur angrily summoned Hafez to account for one of his verses: Hafez was born in Shiraz , Iran. In composing poems of mystic content, they imbued every word and image with mystical undertones, causing mysticism and lyricism to converge into a single tradition. II, De Poesi erotica, will amuse you. Iran for an authenticated diwan". The "lessons of spiritual stations" suggest, obviously, a mystical undertone as well though the word for "spiritual" could also be translated as "intrinsically meaningful".
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