He began pressuring the church to take action against the order, as a way of freeing himself from his debts. After the Templars were involved in several unsuccessful campaigns, including the pivotal Battle of Hattin , Jerusalem was recaptured by Muslim forces under Saladin in By , the Knights Templar lost its foothold in the Muslim world and established a base of operations in Paris. It was generally agreed that the charges were false, but Clement sent the king a written request for assistance in the investigation. Claims were made that during Templar admissions ceremonies, recruits were forced to spit on the Cross, deny Christ, and engage in indecent kissing; brethren were also accused of worshiping idols, and the order was said to have encouraged homosexual practices.
European support of the military campaigns in the Holy Land began to erode over the decades that followed. The osculum infame, another fantasy charge against the Templars, as against the Cathars and other groups accused of heresy by the Catholic Church. He began pressuring the church to take action against the order, as a way of freeing himself from his debts. After the Templars were involved in several unsuccessful campaigns, including the pivotal Battle of Hattin , Jerusalem was recaptured by Muslim forces under Saladin in As for the leaders of the order, the elderly Grand Master Jacques de Molay, who had confessed under torture, retracted his confession. From , chaplains constituted a third Templar class. Grand Masters of the Knights Templar Templar building at Saint Martin des Champs, France Starting with founder Hugues de Payens in —, the order's highest office was that of Grand Master, a position which was held for life, though considering the martial nature of the order, this could mean a very short tenure. Many of these structures are still standing. Godfroi de St Omer — considered one of the two principal founders of the Knights Templar, along with Hugues de Payens. De Bologna argued that torture could not have produced credible evidence. It is a record of the trial of the Templars and shows that Clement absolved the Templars of all heresies in before formally disbanding the order in ,  as did another Chinon Parchment dated 20 August addressed to Philip IV of France , also mentioning that all Templars that had confessed to heresy were "restored to the Sacraments and to the unity of the Church". The Fall of Acre in marked the destruction of the last remaining Crusader refuge in the Holy Land. Soon a calamity will occur to those who have condemned us to death". The Crusaders called it "the Temple of Solomon " and from this location derived their name of Templar. Roger de Flor — probably the most famous Templar who was a sergeant-brother, not a knight. Knights Templar Freemasonry Freemasonry has incorporated the symbols and rituals of several medieval military orders in a number of Masonic bodies since the 18th century at least. They became defenders of the Crusader states in the Holy Land and were known as brave, highly skilled warriors. The others acted in support positions to assist the knights and to manage the financial infrastructure. Roger de Flor also known by his original German name of Rutger von Blume was a captain in the Templar fleet. Acre was lost to the Crusaders forever. By , the Knights Templar lost its foothold in the Muslim world and established a base of operations in Paris. Another major benefit came in , when Pope Innocent II 's papal bull Omne Datum Optimum exempted the order from obedience to local laws. Their banking system allowed religious pilgrims to deposit assets in their home countries and withdraw funds in the Holy Land. This theory is usually rejected by both Masonic authorities  and historians due to lack of evidence. Chinon Parchment In September , a document known as the " Chinon Parchment " dated 17—20 August was discovered in the Vatican Secret Archives by Barbara Frale , apparently after having been filed in the wrong place in De Ridefort himself was captured, but unlike the other Templars he was held for ransom and later released.
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